Breeding technique for breeding cows
It is the key to gain benefits in the process of cattle breeding. With the continuous promulgation of relevant policies and the huge demand of the market, the breeding of breeding cows has become a key project to promote the increase of farmers' income.
Let's make a introduction.
Breeding technique for breeding cows
1. Pay attention to the use of cows
In day-to-day management, attention should be paid to avoid improper use of cows, such as long irregular milking, which can lead to a decline in the body's physique and a reduction in the rate of pregnancy. If the cows are overused in pregnancy, it may even cause abortion.
2. Pay attention to epidemic prevention
In the daily feeding of the cows to create a quiet eating environment, in the storage of feed, to avoid the inclusion of debris, the use of decaying or contaminated feed is forbidden to feed cattle. Keep the cowshed dry and clean, no feces, water and other dirt. Always clean up the body for the cow and keep it
The body is dry and clean. Regularly check the eating and mental state of the cattle. If the findings are abnormal, ask the veterinarian for treatment.
3, strengthen the health management of breeding cows
The health management of cows should be carried out from two aspects, one is daily feeding, the feeding of different emphasis should be made according to the different period of cows. On the other hand, it is necessary to strengthen the body of the cow, for example, to ensure a certain time of sunbathing every day, so that the cows in the later period of pregnancy have a quantitative exercise.
Technical regulations for the management of breeding cows
1. Adhere to the variety improvement and optimize the structure of cattle, which are suitable for beef cattle breeds improved in our county yellow cattle varieties: Simmental cattle, calf, Limousin cattle, monmonia cattle, piedmont cattle and other varieties of meat or meat and milk type cattle.
The main purpose of feeding basic cows is to breed calves. In order to improve the breeding ability of cows and prevent the empty heart, cattle farmers should master the estrus law and the method of estrus identification. The age of primary breeding of cows is 18~24 months old. The characteristics of cow's oestrus
It is restless, often moo, not lying down, the tail is raised, appetite and lactation drops, the bow and waist often make urination, accept other cows to climb across or climb other cattle.
Two, building a reasonable enclosure, providing a more comfortable living environment for cattle, the cowshed should keep dry, warm in winter and cool in summer, and the ground should be insulated, impervious and non skidding, and sewage and excrement are easy to be discharged. The house is clean and clean, and the air is fresh. The cowshed is situated in the South or toward the southeast.
OK. The cowshed should have windows of a certain number and size to ensure adequate sunlight and air circulation. The roof has a certain thickness, and the heat insulation and insulation performance is good.
3. Provide a variety of forage, strive for a comprehensive nutrition, and do a good job of forage processing and cattle raising better pasture alfalfa grass, Leymus chinensis, Sudan grass and so on. Straw can be made from corn stalks, rice straw, bean stalks, peanut seedlings and so on. Concentrate materials include corn, soybean cake, wheat bran and so on. To guarantee feed
Perennial balanced supply, conditional arable land can be used to plant alfalfa, Sudan grass, purple amaranth, etc., harvesting stubble, fresh grass feeding.
Four, strengthen the management of cows, in the management to do "five fixed": that is, fixed management personnel, set the slot of cattle, set feed type, feed time, fixed management schedule. Create a quiet and comfortable environment for cows, so that the cows can rest and ruminate. Feed storage should be moisture-proof and prevent
Rain, mouse bite and pesticide pollution: cleaning the debris in the feed; feeding equipment should keep clean and sanitary; house, circle, field often keep flat, dry, no mud pit, no lodging; keep cow body sanitary, body without dung and soil, brush and swab 1 times a day;
Often pay attention to observe the health of cattle, observe the spirit of cattle, feeding, feces and other normal, so that early detection of sick animals, early treatment. In particular, the cows in the late gestation should be able to catch up with each other, lead the exercise or take free exercise in the circle, so as to reduce the rate of dystocia. The pregnancy of a cow is
At about 285D, preparations for childbirth should be done to provide cows with clean litter and a quiet environment. When the cow is giving birth, it should do well the delivery and midwifery work, and deal with it in time when the dystocia happens.
The postpartum cows were fed a full amount of bran bran bran (1.5 ~ 2kg bran, 100 to 150g salt, 10 to 20kg with warm water) to promote the excretion of the placenta, and to supplement the loss of water in the body during delivery. Remove the polluted mat and replace the clean mat. Immediately after the birth of the calf, the mucus in the mouth of the mouth
Wipe, the umbilical cord broken ends with 5% iodine tincture soak for a moment, if not self break, can be broken from the abdomen 6 ~ 8cm, then disinfection. The mucus of calves can be licked by cows or dried with soft hay. After 4 to 6h postpartum, the placenta should be removed and timely checked for completeness.
After childbirth to ensure the nutrition of cows and provide adequate drinking water, so that cows in the postpartum body condition, the uterus as soon as possible, 60 days after postpartum estrus pregnancy, ensure 1 calves every year, ensure that the calf is born half an hour to 1 hours to eat colostrum, after the birth of 20 days after the training of grass eating
The feed is supplemented and weaned at the age of 4~6 months. In addition to epidemic prevention injection according to local immunization procedures, cattle should repellate 2 times a year and injecting ivermectin preparations to prevent and control parasites in the body and the body better.
Breeding basic cows, mainly good seeds, good houses, good materials, good law, four aspects of the technical link, to maintain the stable development of the cattle industry and achieve better economic benefits. The above is an introduction to breeding techniques for cows.